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Criminal Law: International Criminal Law & Immigration Law

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International Criminal Law & Immigration Law

International criminal law is an autonomous branch of law which deals with international crimes and the courts and tribunals set up to adjudicate cases in which persons have incurred international criminal responsibility. International criminal law is a unique hybrid of international law and criminal law that deals primarily with offenses that threaten global security, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, and human rights violations. International criminal law can also be categorized according to whether the conduct in question is international, constituting an offense against the world community, or whether the act is transnational, affecting the interests of more than one state. The transnational crime category includes drug trafficking, trans-border organized criminal activity, counterfeiting, money laundering, financial crimes, terrorism, and willful damage to the environment. Transnational criminal law includes the rules of national jurisdiction under which a [...]

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International criminal law is an autonomous branch of law which deals with international crimes and the courts and tribunals set up to adjudicate cases in which persons have incurred international criminal responsibility. International criminal law is a unique hybrid of international law and criminal law that deals primarily with offenses that threaten global security, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, and human rights violations. International criminal law can also be categorized according to whether the conduct in question is international, constituting an offense against the world community, or whether the act is transnational, affecting the interests of more than one state. The transnational crime category includes drug trafficking, trans-border organized criminal activity, counterfeiting, money laundering, financial crimes, terrorism, and willful damage to the environment. Transnational criminal law includes the rules of national jurisdiction under which a country enacts and enforces its own criminal law where there is some transnational aspect of a crime. It also covers methods of cooperation among countries to deal with domestic offences and offenders where there is a foreign element and covers the treaties which have been concluded to establish this inter-country cooperation. These treaties provide for mutual legal assistance between countries for crimes with a foreign element, and extradition of offenders by one country for prosecution in another country. Other treaties require countries to criminalize certain conduct by creating offences in their domestic law and to bring offenders to justice if found on their territory, or to extradite them to countries that will prosecute. While international law is thus the source of a part of this group of rules, the source of criminal prohibitions on individuals is national law.

There are many career opportunities for students wishing to practice international criminal law. Those interested in practicing overseas may be prosecutors or defenders at an international tribunal, such as the International Criminal Court or the International Court of Justice. U.S. government opportunities include positions with the State Department, the Treasury Department, the Justice Department, the Department of Defense, the Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee, to name just a few. A career with one of the international organizations such as the United Nations or the U.S. Agency of International Development is also a possibility. In addition, many international criminal law practitioners practice on the public interest side, working for one of the hundreds of NGOs that are concerned with international human rights violations, genocide, terrorism, and organized crime, such as Human Rights First, One World, Freedom House, the Center for Global Equality and the Coalition for the ICC. There are also opportunities to practice in the private sector. International criminal defense lawyers, generally practicing in international criminal defense boutique firms, represent and advise states and individuals, including heads of state, political and military leaders, and other high-ranking state officials accused of international or transnational crimes.

U.S. IMMIGRATION LAWS reflect U.S. domestic policies on the right of foreign nationals to enter and to work in the country, and their right to participate in government and become a U.S. citizen. Federal government agencies involved in the immigration process are the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Justice, the Department of State, the Department of Labor, and the Department of Health and Human Services. There are many lawyers in the private sector who focus on immigration law, often in small firms or solo practice. There are also a number of nonprofit and government agencies who assist low-income individuals and families with their immigration issues. In addition, larger law firms often provide pro bono assistance on a variety of human rights projects, such as providing legal services to individuals seeking asylum in the U.S.

 
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