The practice of employment law covers all laws related to the employment relationship. This includes litigation of employment disputes, counseling clients regarding workplace issues, training client managers, and handling other matters related to employee relations in the workplace. The typical employment lawyer is a generalist who handles disputes and provides counsel regarding a broad variety of employment-related law and regulations, but employment law also has two unique areas of specialization: LABOR LAW and EMPLOYEE BENEFITS. Labor law focuses on unions, collective bargaining and relations between management and labor. Employee benefits lawyers specialize in compensation and benefits issues regulated by ERISA (the Employee Retirement Income Security Act) and related state laws.
The employment relationship is the most heavily regulated area of the law on both the state and federal level. In fact, workplace issues have become one of the fastest-growing areas of state and federal law. Employment-related lawsuits filed in federal court now account for a tenth of all civil cases. When these claims are brought as class actions, the litigation can become quite costly and complex
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